Electronic and magnetic structure of 3d-transition-metal point defects in silicon calculated from first principles.

Beeler F., Andersen O.K., Scheffler M.

The authors describe spin-unrestricted self-consistent linear muffin-tin-orbital (LMTO) Green-function calculation for Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu transition-metal impurities in crystalline silicon. Both defect sites of tetrahedral symmetry are considered. All possible charge states with their spin multiplicities, magnetization densities, and energy levels are discussed and explained with a simple physical picture. The early transition-metal interstitial and late transition-metal substitutional 3d ions are found to have low spin. This is in conflict with the generally accepted crystal-field model of Ludwig and Woodbury, but not with available experimental data. For the interstitial 3d ions, the calculated deep donor and acceptor levels reproduce all experimentally observed transitions. For substitutional 3d ions, a large number of predictions is offered to be tested by future experimental studies.

Physical Review B, 41 1603-24, 1990.

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