Anisotropy and oxygen-stoichiometry dependence of the dielectric tensor of YBa2Cu3O7- delta (0 < or = delta < or = 1).

Kircher J., Kelly M.K., Rashkeev S., Alouani M., Fuchs D., Cardona M.

The dielectric tensor elements of oriented YBa2Cu3O7- delta samples, as obtained by spectroscopic ellipsometry, are presented for several oxygen stoichiometries in the photon energy range between 1.66 and 5.5 eV. For delta =0 and 1, the authors extend this range up to 9.5 eV using a recently developed synchrotron radiation ellipsometer. They compare the experimental results with computed values for the dielectric function obtained from a linear-muffin-tin-orbitals band-structure calculation. They find good general agreement for both the orientational and compositional dependence. In particular, both experiment and theory show c polarization for a peak near 2.7 eV for delta <0.5, while a transition in that spectral region is a polarized for YBa2Cu3O6. In spite of the difficulty in predicting insulating behavior of the low-oxygen material, these results show that the local-density-approximation picture is successful in describing much of the electronic structure determining higher-energy excitations. In addition, the measured dependence of the dielectric tensor on the oxygen stoichiometry provides a reference for optical determination of the oxygen content and orientation in applications, such as thin-film or single-crystal growth.

Physical Review B, 44 217-24, 1991.

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